The Sovereign Grant, which pays for the salaries of her household, official travel and upkeep of palaces, is to increase by more than £6m in 2018/19.
It comes as accounts revealed the Queen's official net expenditure last year increased by £2m, to almost £42m.
Sir Alan Reid, Keeper of the Privy Purse, said the Queen represented "excellent value for money".
How rich is the Queen?
He said: "When you look at these accounts, the bottom line is the Sovereign Grant last year equated to 65p per person, per annum, in the United Kingdom.
"That's the price of a first class stamp.
"Consider that against what the Queen does and represents for this country, I believe it represents excellent value for money."
The Queen and the Royal Family's official travel cost the taxpayer £4.5m during 2016/17, up £500,000.
Clarence House has also released its annual accounts, which showed the Prince of Wales' annual income from his hereditary estate, the Duchy of Cornwall, increased by 1.2% - to £20.7m.
Royal accounts - some key figures
£82.2m - Amount the Queen is expected to get from the Sovereign Grant in 2018/2019
£4.5m - Cost of the Queen and the Royal Family's official travel
£288,697 - Amount spent on the Royal Train travel for 14 trips
£1.2m - Cost of replacing doors on the orangery at Windsor Castle
£154,000 - Estimated cost of Prince Charles and Camilla using "Cam Force One" - the official government plane - to visit Italy, Romania and Austria
The Sovereign Grant, which is paid two years in arrears, is money given to the Queen by the Treasury.
It is based on the profits of the Crown Estate portfolio, which includes much of London's West End.
The Crown Estate posted a £24.7m rise in profits, to £328.8m, in 2016/17.
Republic, which campaigns for an elected head of state, published its own report on royal expenses.
It said that once security and other costs were included, the annual bill for the monarchy was nearer £345m.
Graham Smith, the organisation's chief executive, said it was a "massive bill for the taxpayer" to support "privileged lifestyles".
The increase in funding will take place as extensive repairs are being carried out at Buckingham Palace, costing £369m.
To help pay for the work at the palace, the percentage of the Crown Estate profits paid to the Queen will increase from 15% to 25% between 2017 and 2027.What is the Crown Estate?
It is an independent commercial property business and one of the largest property portfolios in the UK
Most of the portfolio is made up of residential property, commercial offices, shops, businesses, and retail parks
The estate started in 1760 when it was agreed that surplus revenue from the crown's estate would go to the Treasury and, in return, the monarch would receive an annual payment
The estate belongs to the monarch for the duration of their reign, but cannot be sold by them and profits go to the Treasury
The monarch is then given 15% of the annual surplus of the estate, known as the Sovereign Grant, to support official duties - from funds two years in arrears
This percentage will increase from 15% to 25% between 2017 to 2027 to help pay for a £369m refurbishment of Buckingham Palace